What Type of Generator Do I Need for Detailing? [Guide]
What Type of Generator Do I Need for Detailing? [Guide]
A good generator for detailing is a key purchase for most detailing businesses, but it depends on your business model and how many customers you already have.
There are several factors to consider that I’ll outline in this blog like size, type, noise, and capacity – and whether you should even purchase one at all. I am by no means an expert in engineering, but wanted to share some suggestions I’ve found that have worked for some.
In this blog, I’ll break down some use cases for using various types of generators to help you decide what type you may need.
When Should I Buy a Generator?
Keep in mind, agood generator is not cheap. If you are just starting out, you may not want to spend $700-$2000 if you don’t have to. If you are visiting your customer’s home, and have access to water and power, it’s probably more cost effective to invest in extension cords and hoses.
However, using a generator does have it’s advantages : from operating vacuums, to pumps, pressure washers, and everything a mobile detailing rig needs powered.
When deciding what to buy, it really comes down to your equipment. There are a few different things to keep in mind that I’ll highlight, and offer some recommendations based on my own research.
Decide What you Will Use a Generator For Beforehand
Generators come in a variety of sizes and types, so it’s important to understand what you will need one for. For many, the primary purpose of purchasing a generator is to use it to power vaccums, but here are a list of common uses:
Powering electric pressure washers
Powering pumps to feed water out of a tank into a pressure washer
Powering detailing vaccums and Shop-Vacs
Floodlights at night
Powering buffers or orbital buffers
As an example, if you have a team of 2-3 people that will be doing interior and exterior detailing using multiple appliances at the same time, you might want to purchase a high capacity generator like the one below. This one made by Pulsar I found for less than $1,000 on Amazon, and is probably the biggest one you will want to lug around at 10,000 watts.
This is really only ideal for working in teams when you have multiple jobs in the same hour (like office parks). If there is anything that can eat up profitability, it’s burning fuel, so keep that in mind.
If you are usually tapping into a water source, you may only want a smaller generator to power a vacuum, for example. In this case, you may want to look into something portable that is easy to unload, and relatively quiet like an inverter generator.
What Equipment Can I Power? Understand Watts, Amps, and Volts
To keep it as simple as possible, just understand some basic electrical terms. I am by no means an expert in electricity, but just wanted to give you a basic idea of the relationship between some key terms.
Each generator you select should have a couple of readings: continuous (or rated) watts and maximum (or peak) watts.
Continuous Watts are the number of watts a generator can comfortably run under. It’s always best to make sure whatever devices you are powering stay within this range. What’s a little confusing is that a generator like the Honda EU2200i is named using it’s peak wattage rating, even though it is rated at 1,800 continuous watts.
You never want to run a motor continuously above it’s rated (continuous) wattage recommendation for a long period of time to avoid burnout.
Volts and Amps
Voltage (or volts) is the difference in charge between two different points, while amps is a measure of how strong an electrical current is. Each device you purchase (from polishers, vacs, etc.) should have their power requirements listed for you.
The relationship between amps, volts, and watts is simply: amps * volts=watts.
Let’s say you are looking to power a compressor that requires 15 amps to operate at a standard 120 volts of electricity (a standard wall outlet in America, most devices you will use). You would want to look for a generator that is capable of producing at least 1,800 watts of continuous power.
You may also see Hertz thrown around. Hertz is basically a measurement of frequency. 60 Hertz (which is standard), just means the current changes direction 60 cycles (or 120 times) in a second. You just need to make sure that your generator is operating at the same frequency (in Hz) as the device requires.
With the electrical jargon out of the way, here are a few benefits of inverter generators.
Option 1: Need Portability? Consider an Inverter Generator for Detailing
For homeowners, conventional generators are typically preferred because they can get pretty massive, have large fuel tanks, and run for a very long time.
For detailing on the other hand, you really don’t need something that takes up a lot of space (if you don’t have it). Since you will probably be using a generator for 30 minutes to an hour at the time, an inverter generator is usually a solid choice for most.
Honda is one of the most dependable line of inverter generators you can buy in the detailing community for news crews, and other organizations. While pretty expensive, this Honda EU2200i would be my choice if I had to choose, based on it’s reviews on Amazon and testimonials I’ve heard.
These run super quiet, are really eco-friendly, and can run 4-9 hours on a single tank. Without getting too technical, they convert AC to DC ( and back to AC), using magnets and technology that makes them run cleaner.
Benefits of Inverter Generators
Noise – These operate much quieter due to special mufflers and quieter engines
Portable and lightweight – often times under 100 pounds (Honda models are around 47 lbs)
Fuel savings due to alternating engine speeds due to microprocessors and other electronics
Cons of Inverter Generators
More expensive for beginners – expect to pay upwards of 1,000 for most
Most larger units max out at around 4,000 watts – Not ideal for powering multiple devices at once
Cost more to repair
They are a bit more expensive than most generators that start out around $500, but definitely a worthwhile investment.
In many detailing setups I see, your standard multipurpose generator is the most common option I see for trailer setups. Unless you are working out of a van and need the portability, you really can’t go wrong with having a basic 3500 watt generator if you have the room.
Benefits of Conventional Generators
Lower price point
Ability to be muffled (still louder than inverted generators, but quieter)
Larger fuel tank for powering equipment
up to 10,000 to 20,000 watts of power
Cons of Conventional Generators
Bulky, can be difficult to store and maneuver (especially in vans)
Some can be very loud (a big deal for office parks, etc.)
Typically burn more fuel than inverter generators
Pumping Water from a Tank
If you are operating a pressure washer (for example) and are unable to use the customer’s water source, having a generator on hand is perfect for powering pumps your water tank will need.
Most pressure washers require somewhere around 20 psi of pressure to operate unless you purchase a belt or gear driven unit washer and not a cheaper direct drive. These pressure washers cost $2,000-$3,000 at a minimum, but do eliminate the need for a generator to pump water. Just something to keep in mind.
Smaller conventional generators are cheaper to operate for beginners
Most larger 6,000 watt + generators can use up to 2.5 gallons of gas per hour compared to smaller units, that can use up to a gallon less. For beginners, I would probably start with a smaller generator, unless you just have a ton of equipment to power.
Option 3: Pressure Washer + Generator Combo
One setup that I have seen is made by EVO systems I thought was pretty cool, because it eliminates the need for multiple engines. It is basically everything you need for detailing (pressure washer, generator, plus compressors, pumps) in a single unit. Check out the video below for more:
Using Generators to Power Pressure Washers
In the detailing business, a pressure washer is pretty important, but you have a few types to choose from that may or may not require a generator to operate. When it comes to pressure washers, it’s best to decide if you need an electric pressure washer or traditional gas-powered unit.
Gas Powered Pressure Washers
Since the motor and pump are already attached, you obviously won’t need a generator. If you plan to wash driveways or houses with an available water source, a mobile pressure washer (with tires) is what I’d probably start with.
Many manufacturers make skid mounted units with hose reels that are ideal for detailing, is the most common setup I see.
Electric Pressure Washers
Keep in mind there are some really good electric pressure washers to consider that you can run off of a standard generator or the customer’s power. This option gives you the flexibility to save on fuel costs when you can, since you can switch between power sources.
If you plan on having access to both water and an electrical outlet, you may be able to get away with not having a generator at all (although I would still recommend having one).
The Kranzle K1122TST is a great commercial option if you plan on operating out of a client’s home and have access to power because it is a really quiet unit. It’s German engineered, well built, and has a built in hose reel.
Familiar with Electrical Engineering? The Inverter Option
Just as a warning, only attempt to use inverters and batteries if you know what you’re doing. This solution is not for everybody, and really only makes sense if you need occasional power.
Inverters are not to be confused with inverter generators, which require fuel instead of battery power.
For some use cases like operating small lights or vacuums, or polishers that draw 9-10 amps at max, an inverter may be all you need for occasions where you don’t have access to a customer’s power.
I have seen some videos on YouTube like this one that explain how you can use one to power a vacuum you may want to check out.
While I am by no means an expert on generators, hopefully you have a better idea of what you need for your business. It’s not a terrible idea to have a generator on hand as a backup, even if you are relying on external power sources.
If you are just starting out on a low budget, I would probably opt for a traditional generator that is lightweight enough not to be a burden. Since most leave these running in an open trailer, weight becomes less of an issue.
If you specialist in interior detailing and need to be mobile, I’d recommend something more portable like an inverter generator (or smaller traditional generator with wheels).
Have anything to add or notice something I missed? Leave a comment below.
Hey, I'm Baxter! Thanks for checking out Carwash Country — a place where you can find answers and recommendations related to washing and protecting cars, trucks, or SUVs. Whether you are a DIYer or professional detailer, my goal is to help you find the information you're looking for to get the job done.
I'm currently working on a Jeep Wrangler that I enjoy modifying and detailing, and look forward to helping other detailers and hobbyists as I continue this journey.